Fungi & micro-organisms
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is characterised by upright fruiting bodies, black on the outside, with white flesh inside.
, a very common species, has irregularly-shaped fruiting bodies, often flattened and paddle-shaped.
Saprobic on fallen wood and dead leaves.
(one of several species with a small, pointed, sterile apex) is typically found on wood in running water. The leaf-inhabiting species have extremely narrow, thread-like fruiting bodies.
is sometimes used for
-like fungi with globose fruiting bodies with no stalk. There are several New Zealand species with this form of fruiting body, but they have not been studied, and are phylogenetically the same as
The most common of the New Zealand species.