Fungi & micro-organisms
Fungal Guide Home
Spore print white. Medium to large-sized, robust, fleshy mushrooms, cap smooth or with small fine scales, stalk entral with no ring, gills adnexed (notched near stalk), always on soil.
species are ectomycorrhizal, always found on the soil close to their host trees. The indigenous species are confined to either
forests or to stands of tea-tree.
Only 3 indigenous species have been described, the pale brownish to buff, tough-stalked
, the greenish
, and the less common, orange-brown
. There may be other undescribed native species. Several exotic species have been introduced along with their mycorrhizal hosts, including members of the
groups under pines, and the European larch-associated
Other large, white-spored mushrooms on soil include
(gills not notched, flesh rittle, snapping when bent),
but with latex oozing from flesh where damaged),
(often with a ring on stalk and a separate sack-like layer at base of stalk, usually with scales on cap), and
(smaller, tough stalk).
A greenish species, with a fishy or soapy smell. Found under
and tea tree.
have both been recorded under pines from New Zealand, but these species are often included in the 'pessendatum group species' and the New Zealand collections may represent a single species.