Fungi & micro-organisms
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Small, dull brown mushrooms, found only on soil, most species with a dry, hairy or fibrillose cap, gills covered by cobweb-like veil when young, spore print dull brown in colour.
There are at least 12 species in New Zealand, including some exotic species (under pine and oak). In addition there are 12 species of the closely related genus
, distinguished from
only by spore shape. The species are difficult to identify without examining microscopic features.
Ectomycorhizal. The native species are found only under tea-tree or
, although there are also exotic species found under introduced trees, one pale species especially common under pine.
species have a similar stature, but usually with a smooth cap, and with rusty-brown or orange-brown spores compared the dull brown of
have very dark, purple-brown spores,
usually on fallen wood and litter rather than soil.
Also native, the species has been recorded under both
A native species found under Nothofagus.