Fungi & micro-organisms
Fungal Guide Home
Spore print white or yellow. Cap about 5-10 cm diam., slightly sunken towards the centre, surface often velvety, most species pale orange (salmon) or dark brown. Flesh brittle, snaps easily, exudates a white or yellowish sticky liquid when broken. Stipe similar in colour to cap, cylindric or tapering slightly towards the base, no ring.
species are ectomycorrhizal, always found on the soil close to their host trees. The indigenous species are confined to either
forests or to stands of tea-tree, where they are often found in large numbers in the autumn.
are orange in colour,
is dark brown,
is yellowish, while
is variable in colour (orangish, reddish, purplish) but distinctive because of the concentric zoned pattern of the cap.
The exotic species include three species under silver birch (
with whitish to pale orange cap,
with dark caps,
with a distinctive coconut odour), and
at a few sites in the southern South Island under pines.
Two varieties are recognised,
(also found in Australia under
An indigenous species, quite common under